What does A mean in PHYSIOLOGY


Adenine (A) is a purine base found in the nucleotides of DNA and RNA, as well as in many cofactors of enzymes. It's also an important component of ATP and other energy-rich molecules. In medicine, Adenine is frequently used to detect chromosomal abnormalities like Down Syndrome and Turner's Syndrome. It is sometimes referred to as Adenylate in biomedical literature.

A

A meaning in Physiology in Medical

A mostly used in an acronym Physiology in Category Medical that means Adenine

Shorthand: A,
Full Form: Adenine

For more information of "Adenine", see the section below.

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Meaning in medical

In medical terms, Adenine (A) refers to one of the four main components of nucleic acids - the building blocks of our body’s genes. These nucleic acids are composed of four nitrogenous bases – Thymine (T), Cytosine (C), Guanine (G), and Adenine. Adenine pairs with Thymine in DNA or with Uracil in RNA, forming strong hydrogen bonds which allow for genetic information to be transmitted between generations and within cells. In addition to its role as a structural component of DNA/RNA, Adenine can also act as an important cofactor for several metabolic enzymes involved in energy production or detoxification processes.

Full Form

The full form for Adenine is Adenylic acid. This is an organic compound composed of Carbon, Hydrogen, and Nitrogen atoms that contains both carboxylic acid and amide functional groups. The structure consists of a six-membered ring containing two nitrogen atoms sandwiching either a carbonyl group on one side or an amide group on the other side; this varies depending on whether it is bound to phosphate or another amino acid such as cysteine or lysine. This type of molecule plays an important role in many biochemical processes including energy production from glucose breakdown, protein synthesis, lipid metabolism, and neurotransmitter metabolism.

Essential Questions and Answers on Adenine in "MEDICAL»PHYSIOLOGY"

How does Adenine function within a DNA molecule?

Adenine is one of the four bases of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), and serves as a complementary base to Thymine. During replication, Adenine can bond with Thymine in double-stranded DNA, allowing for the replication and transmission of genetic information.

What type of bonds form between Adenine and Thymine?

Hydrogen bonds are formed between Adenine and Thymine when two strands of DNA are paired up. These hydrogen bonds help to maintain the shape and structure of the double helix.

How do I identify an Adenine nucleobase?

By examining the biochemical makeup, Adenine is composed of a Purine Nitrogenous Base segment attached to a Ribose sugar molecule. It is unique among other nucleobases due to its lack of keto group (carbonyl) which makes it stand out from its counterparts in the A, T, C, G DNA sequence.

Why is Adenine important in genetics?

In genetic and molecular biology, explains how genes are transmitted over generations by providing a template for recombination during replication. Further, it forms complementary pairs with thymine which plays a very important role in stabilizing the double stranded nature of DNA molecules. Therefore, without adenine’s involvement we would be unable to pass on any genetic information at all!

Is there any practical application for combining Adenine with other molecules?

Yes! There are many potential applications in biotechnology that involve manipulating adenines or combine them with other molecules. Such applications range from utilizing adenines as specific binding partners in diagnostic tests to using them to classify cells according to their genotype or phenotype expression.

What molecules pair up with Adenine most frequently?

Fortunately, apart from thymine which usually pair up in double-stranded DNA, adenines also have strong affinities towards guanines and cytosines which can be found naturally occurring in both single-stranded RNA as well as double-stranded DNA molecules.

Final Words:
Adenine is an essential building block for life because it forms the basis for DNA replication, allowing genetic information to be passed between cells and generations. Furthermore, it acts as an important cofactor for many metabolic enzymes involved in various biochemical reactions related to energy production and detoxification processes. Therefore, understanding the structure and function of adenylate can provide clinicians great insight into human health and disease when analyzing chromosomes or genetic material from patients or samples taken during procedures such as prenatal screening tests.

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